Holidays are the best days for most people out there. More often than not, many would prefer to travel in different parts of the world to explore and celebrate holidays in a new environment. But, you don’t want to ruin your holidays because of having a disease, right? So, before the holidays kick out, you should know the top 10 diseases that you might get on holidays, especially if you are planning to travel abroad:
It’s basically a tropical disease spread by mosquitoes that bite at night. This disease kills millions of people worldwide and it only takes a bite to be affected and the symptoms may develop between 8 days to a year later. It actually depends on the kind of parasite you’re infected with. The symptoms of malaria are the same with flu, yet with muscle pain, high fever, vomiting, and diarrhea. It can also develop with complications including fits, liver failure, breathing problems, death, and coma.
It’s an infection that’s caused by parasites known as schistosoma. It’s frequently caught by holidaymakers swimming in the freshwater lakes or rivers, most especially in some parts of southern Africa. The parasites are small worms that could burrow under one’s skin and lay eggs in the bladder or the liver.
- Swimmers’ ear
Also renowned as otitis externa, this swimmers’ ear is swilling of external ear canal, which is the tube between the eardrum and outer ear. You’re more likely to develop the condition on holidays because this may be due to excessive moisture getting into ear canal. Swimming on holidays can increase the risk.
- Stings and Bites
A bite from animals infected with rabies is very serious and needs an immediate medical attention. There are insect bites that could cause severe allergic reactions. Stings from some marine creatures can cause fever, pain, itching or serious problems like breathing difficulties, which can be fatal.
It can be due a variety of parasites and bacteria. Gastroenteritis is an infection of the bowel and stomach. It hampers the ability of the intestines to absorb water from bowel’s contents into the body that leads to watery diarrhea and dehydration.
Usually, the liver’s inflammation can be due to a virus. Hepatitis may cause mild symptoms and serious liver damage that depends on the kind you have.
- Yellow Fever
It’s a fatal viral disease that is transmitted through infected mosquitoes in the tropical regions of South America and Africa. Yellow fever has 2 stages. The first stage is that the patient will suffer with high temperature, nausea, chills, and appetite loss, yet could improve in 4 days. The second stage is more toxic and can lead to bleeding, kidney failure, and constant high temperature.
- Heat Stroke and Sunburn
Holidaymakers could make a mistake of spending way too much under the sun, which may lead to sunburn or heatstroke.
- Lyme Disease
It’s a bacterial infection that spread to humans because of infected ticks, which are small insects that are feed on the blood of humans and animals. It affects people travelling in America and Europe.
It’s a fatal bacterial infection and can be caused by food contaminated with Salmonela typhi. Usually, the disease is found in developing countries with poor sanitation.